James Nwoye Adichie: Nigeria’s first professor of statistics
By Biyi Afonja
THE most celebrated group of people in Nigeria are political office holders, business tycoons no matter their source of wealth and occasionally top executives and professionals. J.N.Adichie does not fall into any of the enumerated categories. He, like many other academic giants in Nigeria remain, by and large, unsung heroes. I believe that Nigerians should learn to celebrate people like him along with several other distinguished retired and active academic geniuses while they are still alive. Such celebrations will no doubt inspire our youths, who by and large, through the corrupting influence of our society do not seem to believe in academia. I am writing this piece to celebrate Adichie.
James Nwoye Adichie was born on March 1, 1932 in Abba, Njikoka Local Government Area of Anambra State. After passing the Advanced Level General Certificate of Education (‘A’ level GCE) examinations in Pure mathematics, Applied mathematics, English and Latin, he was admitted into the University College Ibadan (UCI) now the University of Ibadan (UI) in 1957 to read mathematics. In those days when the UCI was a college of the University of London and was the only university institution in Nigeria, it was a remarkable achievement for a student to be admitted into the College. He graduated B.A. Mathematics of the University of London in 1960 among the top three students in a class of 13. At that time a student was awarded the B.A. degree if his/her A-Level subject combination included arts subjects in addition to the mathematics subject; and the B.Sc degree if his/her subjects combination consisted of mathematics and science subjects.
Soon after graduating, he went on to lecture first at the Nigerian College of Science and Technology, Enugu, and later at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka (UNN) until September 1963, when he proceeded to the prestigious University of California at Berkeley, USA. This is one of the greatest centres of statistical excellence in the USA if not in the world. In a record time of three years he earned a Ph.D. degree in statistics in 1966, the first Nigerian to do so. He promptly returned to the UNN and 10 years later, in October 1976, he was promoted a Professor of Statistics, the first of his kind in Nigeria.
Adichie’s main area of research is Non-Parametric Methods of Statistical Analysis. These methods seek to develop new methods of analysis that are valid under realistic assumptions. He was such a renowned scholar in this field that he was invited by some leading British universities to deliver a series of lectures on his work. The universities are Cambridge, London (Imperial College), Aberystwyth, Birmingham, Sheffield, and Glasgow. At different points in his brilliant academic career, he was a visiting fellow at the University of Sheffield, England and a visiting professor at the San Diego State University, California, U.S.A.
Apart from delivering many brilliant academic papers at several workshops, conferences and seminars locally and abroad, Adichie has published numerous scholarly papers in reputable learned journals and has served as a reviewer for some of them including the Journal of the American Statistical Association, the Annals of Mathematical Statistics, the Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A, etc. He is a member of many learned societies including the International Statistical Institute (ISI) of which he was the first Nigerian to be elected a full ordinary member in 1978; the Institute of Mathematical Statistics, the Mathematical Association of Nigeria of which he was once the general secretary, to mention a few. Incidentally, the ISI with headquarters in The Hague, Netherlands, is the world apex statistical organization. He was the first editor of the Journal of the Statistical Association of Nigeria and at one time an associate editor of the ABACUS – Journal of the Mathematical Association of Nigeria.
At the UNN where he was a distinguished teacher of statistics for 33 years, he was the supervisor of the first post-graduate student to obtain a master’s degree of the UNN in 1971 and in 1973; helped in the establishment of the department of statistics, one of the first two such departments in Nigeria, the other one being that of the UI. As the first head of that department, Adichie spent the next six years nurturing it to enviable heights. He was again made the head of the department from 1985-1988. He served as the Dean of the Faculty of Physical Sciences and as the Deputy Vice-Chancellor of the Nsukka Campus of the university.
As an elected member of Council of the University, he made tremendous contributions to the progress of the university through his activities in the various committees of the Council and some other non-Council Committees. His activities are not limited to the UNN. He served as external examiner in mathematics and statistics at various Nigerian universities. Apart from his contribution to the development of statistics in the Nigerian university system, he played a key role in the development of the National Mathematics Centre (NMC). He, with three others, prepared for the Federal Government in 1987/88 a proposal for setting up the NMC. He later served as member of a Representative Group of Mathematical Scientists that met the Technical Expert Committee Visitation Panel for the upgrading of the NMC to the status of an International Centre for Excellence. He served the Centre in various capacities. He was a member of its academic board, a member of two of its strategic committees, and professor and coordinator of its statistics programme.. He organised the Centre’s first Foundation Post-Graduate Course on mathematical statistics and the first Foundation Post-Graduate Course on Exact and Asymptotic Statistical Inference.
Adichie took to the international fora his passion for giving statistical education a pride of place in the curricula of Nigerian and indeed of African countries. On several occasions, he delivered papers relating to Statistical education and training not only in Nigeria but also in the whole of Africa. .In the administration of statistics in the Nigerian public service, Adichie’s name will also feature prominently. He was a member of the National Advisory Council on Statistics and served as the Chairman of the Committee for the Reorganisation of the Federal Office of Statistics (FOS) which is now called the National Bureau of Statistics.
It is interesting to note that Adichie is not the only one in his family to have scored a first in his chosen career. Ifeoma, his wife of 46 years was the first female registrar of the UNN while his fifth child, Chimamanda, is the first young female Nigerian literary voice to be world-acclaimed. She has received many international awards and nominations for her literary works. Having demonstrated the main reason for writing about Adichie – that of giving honour to whom honour is due, I have two other reasons which, though, may appear personal, do speak volumes about the personality and integrity of the man. .As already mentioned, Adichie and I first met and became friends at the UCI. In fact, one of our lecturers, Chike Obi, who became famous for being the first Nigerian holder of a doctorate degree in mathematics, used to call us brothers because he thought that we looked so much alike..
Since graduation, we have crossed each other’s path at the professional level on various occasions. I will mention only two of them. Adichie was one of the sponsors of my nomination in 1980 for election as a member of the ISI. With my election, I became the second Nigerian to be so honoured, he having been elected in 1978.
When I was the Chief Statistical Training Adviser at the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) in Addis Ababa, he requested some information needed for the preparation of a paper to be presented at an international conference on the teaching of statistics. I gladly obliged. Lo and behold, he included my name as a co-author of the paper. What a mark of intellectual integrity? My last, but by no means the least important reason is that every now and then I get embarrassed when I am introduced in public as the first Nigerian Professor of Statistics. Let Nigerians now be informed – James Nwoye Adichie is the first Nigerian Professor of Statistics! He is now retired and lives in Nsukka.
Afonja, the second Nigerian professor of statistics, lives in Abeokuta, Ogun State.
source: Nigerian Guardian News
I just got this read-up, beware:
IF YOU’RE FEELING LEFT OUT BECAUSE YOU HAVEN’T been victimized by any of the recent swindles, take heart: An updated version of Nigerian letter scams is targeting you.
It started with snail-mail and quickly became e-mail, supposedly from the Nigerian Central Bank or the National Petroleum Corporation, claiming that $45 million was located overseas and, because of complicated currency laws, they couldn’t repatriate the money directly. So, if you’d allow that sum to pass through your bank account, they’d allow you to keep one-third as commission. The scam, named after the clause in the Nigerian Criminal Code Act that outlaws it, is forever known as “419 fraud.”
Now, the fraudsters are making the most of tough times by bombarding Americans with e-mail offers to help people get out of debt, refinance mortgages and earn extra money by working at home.
Variations on this e-mail — stilted English and all (see a portion of one at left) — are circulating in the millions. This one says that a textile company is receiving orders from North America, Australia and Europe and needs “payment officers” in those areas. All the company needs is help processing the payments — via the payment officer’s bank account.
The man behind these missives is a professional fraudster in Lagos who goes by the G-mail alias Macjon. He uses at least nine other aliases through Yahoo!, Virgin.net, Btinternet and Hotmail. He also uses the same address with other fictitious companies: Crain Willis & Son, Huaxiang Group, Jaku Jenkins & Son, United Asia Trading, Anthony Smith & Son, Union Materials, European Industrial Supplies, Imperial Fabrics London, and Assorted Food Conglomerate.
IF YOU SWALLOW MACJON’S BAIT , you’re automatically hired. Within a week, you receive a check made out to you for $3,200 to $4,800 from a car dealer in Nevada, an oil company in Texas or even the American Bar Association in Chicago. You’re instructed to deposit it, wait until it clears, then wire 90% of it to someone designated by Macjon, usually in the Philippines. Your bank makes the money available within a few days, but invariably, once you’ve sent the 90%, Macjon’s check bounces back as counterfeit.
Investigators in the U.K. who are tracking him note that, since Dec. 1, 2008, Macjon has targeted 13.5 million Americans with the work-at-home e-mail scam. Investigators estimate his success rate at around 0.1%. That’s 13,500 victims from whom he’s stolen as much as $40.5 million.
Frighteningly, Macjon is merely one of about 100 modern-day 419ers plying the trade. He and the others buy American e-mail address lists from about a dozen U.S. based “lead sellers.” In this case, it was Beginmarketing.com, based in Broomall, Pa. Prices are negotiable, but five million addresses can go for as little as a few hundred bucks. Beginmarketing also transmitted several million of the RM Fabrics’ e-mails on behalf of Macjon. The man behind Beginmarketing, Michael Flores, denies any wrongdoing.
IN FACT, THERE ARE NO REQUIREMENTS that lead sellers know their clients or, for that matter, care. The Federal Trade Commission, which might otherwise be able to do something about this, is a toothless tiger. It has a Website filled with warnings about e-mail fraud, but its protection is only for commercial messages to consumers. These messages don’t fit that category, because they’re not offering goods or services, says a spokesperson. The U.S. Secret Service, which used to aggressively track Nigerian scammers, no longer updates its database of 419 scam letters as regularly, owing to budgetary constraints and manpower issues. The Secret Service would — and does — arrest anyone sending fraudulent e-mails if it comes upon them. But it isn’t nearly as active in pursuing these cases as it once was.
Most lead sellers give lip service on their Websites to propriety, stating that they refuse to sell through third parties or to deal with businesses that don’t have a Website. Yet they do business with Macjon, who pays through third parties and whose phony companies don’t have Websites.
Don Reid, an Australian who runs Apacheleads.com, purportedly out of North Carolina, admits to doing business with Macjon. Reached by phone in Australia, he says, “We don’t know who these people are.”
Yet, on Dec. 20, 2008, when someone signing e-mails “LeadGuy” at Apacheleads.com contacted Macjon, offering a two-for-one sale of lists, he demanded the following from the Nigerian: “You need to pay with Western Union, none of your stolen cards…okay? Don’t ask me for any other payment method or for free samples. The answer is no on both. You tried to steal from me with a stolen card in the past, so we will only take Western Union from you.”
Hearing that e-mail quoted, Reid mumbled, “I’m out of here,” and hung up.
JEFFREY ROBINSON writes books about fraud, money-laundering and organized crime.